## Courses Bachelor Display 2024-2025

Course Description To PDF
Course title Reasoning Techniques
Course code BENC2023
ECTS credits 5,0
Assessment Whole/Half Grades
Period
Period Start End Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri
2 (BENG) 28-10-2024 15-12-2024 X X L
Level no level
Coordinator Mark Winands
For more information: m.winands@maastrichtuniversity.nl
Language of instruction English
Goals
* Knowledge and understanding: Students learn to understand how problems can be represented as logical problems, as search problems, as planning problems or as problems involving uncertainty and get accustomed to reasoning methods to solve problems of all four types mentioned above.
* Applying knowledge and understanding: Students learn to apply the reasoning methods learned to toy problems and some more complex situations.
* Making judgements: Students learn to judge which type of knowledge representation is suitable for the problem at hand, and which reasoning technique is suitable to solve the problem at hand.
* Communication: students can explain the knowledge representation used and reasoning technique chosen to peers and other experts.
* Learning skills: Students are able to critically reflect on their own and otherâ€™s chosen representations and used reasoning methods.
Description
Central in this course is how, based on available data, new knowledge and information can be obtained using reasoning processes. The course will be supported by tutorials, in which the acquired techniques can be put into practice by using Prolog. The following four techniques are discussed:
(1) Reasoning using logic: syntax, semantics, and inference in first-order logic, situation calculus, forward and backward reasoning, completeness, logic programming with Prolog.
(2) Problem solving using search: problem types, blind-search methods, informed-search methods, comparison of search methods, games as search problems, minimax, alpha-beta pruning, Monte Carlo Tree Search, chance games, constraint satisfaction problems.
(3) Planning: planning in situation calculus, representation of states, goals and operators, state space and plan space, algorithms for classic planning.
(4) Reasoning with uncertainty: uncertainty and probability theory, conditional probability, the Rule of Bayes, semantics of belief networks, exact and approximate inference in belief networks.
Literature
Study material:
* Russell, S. and Norvig, P., Artificial Intelligence: A Modern Approach, 4th edition. Pearson, 2020.
* Bratko, I. (2012). Prolog: Programming for Artificial Intelligence, 4th edition. Addison-Wesley

Recommended literature:
* Luger, G.F., Artificial Intelligence: Structures and Strategies for Complex Problem Solving, 6th edition. Pearson International Edition, 2009.
Prerequisites
BENC1002 Calculus
BENC2001 Multivariable Calculus
BENC1004 Linear Algebra
Keywords
Teaching methods (indicative; course manual is definitive) Lecture
Assessment methods (indicative; course manual is definitive) Written Exam / Assignment
Evaluation in previous academic year For the complete evaluation of this course please click "here"
This course belongs to the following programmes / specialisations
 Bachelor Business Engineering Year 3 Elective Course(s)